Jake started karting when he was fourteen years old in 2010 when he placed eleventh in the Junior Class of the Easykart UK Championship. In the following year, he finished fifth in the Super 1 National Formula KGP Championship. Hughes remained in the championship for a following year where he moved to fourth in the series standings. Later on in 2012, Jake made his debut in single-seaters at Silverstone where he competed in the Formula Renault BARC Championship with Antel Motorsport. He also contested in the Rockingham round of the Formula Renault BARC Winter Series. In 2013, he made the move to BRDC Formula 4 where he joined Lanan Racing to take four wins with another six podiums and the championship title.
He headed in to Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup in 2014 managing third at Silverstone before finishing eighth in the standings. He also competed in part-time campaigns in Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 and Formula Renault 2.0 Alps. Hughes then signed to Koiranen GP to compete in both championships full time. He successfully finished in sixth in the standings at the Eurocup with a much more successful time in the Formula Renault 2.0 Alps where he won at Spa, Monza and Misano, becoming the runner-up of the series
FIA Formula 3
2016 marked the year the Jake graduated to the GP3 series with DAMS. He then claimed his first win during the sprint race at Hockenheim. He clinched 90 points and finished 8th in the standings. Alongside his stint in GP3, he joined Carlin to race three rounds of the FIA Formula 3 European Championship and the Macau Grand Prix where he finished 6th in the standings. Jake remained in the the FIA Formula 3 European Championship with Hitech GP for the 2017 series where he placed 5th before making the move back to the GP3 series in 2018 with ART Grand Prix to claim 8th. 2018 was also the year of his second Macau Grand Prix with Hitech GP where his race was much more successful and left him 4th in the standings. As side from that, Hughes also competed in 9 races at the F3 Asian Championship where he won all 9 with 6 pole positions and 8 fastest laps, bagging himself 225 points leaving him in second place to Raoul Hyman who scored himself 227 points.
Jake entered his third Macau Grand Prix in 2019 with HWA Racelab however, he managed to slip down the standings to 17th place. He made the move to the FIA Formula 3 Championship with HWA that same year where he took seventh in the standings. Aside from his F3 work that year, he entered three rounds of the Formula Regional European Championship with KIC Motorsport and took 12th in the standings.
Hughes is raced with Hitech Grand Prix in the 2019/2020 F3 Asian Championship where he finished 14th in the standings with 24 points.
For his 2020 career, Jake Hughes will return with HWA Racelab in the FIA Formula 3 Championship alongside Rookies Jack Doohan and Enzo Fittipaldi.